Johann Friedrich Böttger discovered the magic formula to making porcelain and in 1710 the Meissen factory was established. The factory went on to produce some of the finest wares and sculptures ever seen in the West, and remains one of the most sought-after names in European ceramics.
The origin of Meissen figures
The idea for making small figures in porcelain came from the sugar ornaments seen on fashionable dining tables all over Europe at the beginning of the 18th century. The sugar would be pressed into a mould to form figures, temples, gates, carriages, gardens, and many other forms. These were very expensive and, of course, ephemeral, since they could be eaten
The arrival of porcelain made these figures more permanent, and more valuable. Many porcelain figures — from those in pastoral scenes to depictions of street traders — were in fact designed as table decorations, and not made to sit in cabinets as they do today.
The figures could be satirical, mythological or allegorical, and were designed to convey information about their owners — their level of scholarship, their military prowess, or even their sense of humour.
Willi Munch–Khe (German, 1885-1960)
Willi Münch-Khe was a German painter, graphic artist and sculptor. From 1900 to 1903 glass painter apprenticeship, from 1904 to 1907 studies at the academy in Karlsruhe, u. a. with Hans Thoma. Münch-Khe created numerous animal models for the Meissen porcelain manufactory.