History of the Rosenthal factory
Philipp Rosenthal (1855-1937) began business in Germany in 1884. Initially he purchased white ware from the company Hutschenreuther which was resold door to door after being hand-painted by his wife Maria. In 1891, he established a factory in Asch, Bohemia and began production of his own white ware.
Into the twentieth century and a more affluent Germany emerged with improved living conditions and a disposable income appeared. Rosenthal spotted the unfilled market and started mass scale production of porcelain aimed at the newly emerging market. In only two generations the family firm expanded into a world class player. With a vision for modern art, freelance artists were employed and the interior decoration business began. In 1910 the art department at Selb was founded employing designers such as Himmelstoss, Karner, Oppel, Holzer-Defanti, Liebermann, Cassmann and many others. The same year the factory won the gold medal for it’s quality porcelain at the world fair Paris. Over the decades other factories were acquired in ceramics, glass, utensils and furniture. It’s top quality porcelain is still admired today for the way they captured their subjects movement, form and liveliness.
Albert Caasmann ( 1886 – 1968 )
Albert worked as a freelancer for the Berlin toy company Lineol, founded by Oskar Wiederholz in 1906. After service as a soldier in the First World War, he became the leading designer and production manager of Lineol from 1919 to 1952. He designed over 600 figures for Lineol, including soldiers, animals, Indians, knights, fairy figures, and railroad figures. His toy figures were widely used in the region by children.
Caasmann spent time in the Berlin Zoo, where he modelled his animal models. He made a model of a cheetah group, manufactured by the porcelain factory Rudolstadt. From 1912-1923, he modelled figurines based on his own designs for the porcelain manufacturer Rosenthal in Selb. Four figurines based on the paintings by Austrian painter Hanns Pellar for Rosenthal; Dreaming Night, Faun Group, Round Dance, and Shepard’s Hour, are exhibited in the Rosenthal Museum.
Cassman died March 23, 1968 in Brandenburg, East Germany. The street Caasmannstraße in Brandenburg was named by the city in honour of Albert Caasmann .